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Hash Join

Unique Indexes Force Hints To Be “Ignored” Part II (One Of The Few)

In Part I, I showed a demo of how the introduction of a Unique Index appears to force a hint to be “ignored”. This is a classic case of what difference a Unique Index can make in the CBO deliberations. So what’s going on here? When I run the first, un-hinted query: we notice something a […]

Unique Indexes Force Hints To Be “Ignored” Part I (What’s Really Happening)

As I was compiling my new “Oracle Diagnostics and Performance Tuning” seminar, I realised there were quite a number of indexing performance issues I haven’t discussed here previously. The following is a classic example of what difference a Unique Index can have over a Non-Unique index, while also covering the classic myth that Oracle sometimes […]

View Data Volume Estimates

When the optimizer has to estimate the data volume (the BYTES column in the plan output), it usually bases this information on the column statistics, if applicable and available (think of complex expressions).However, whenever there is a VIEW operator in an execution plan, that represents an unmerged view, the optimizer obviously "loses" this information and starts applying defaults that are based on the column definition.Depending on the actual content of the columns this can lead to dramatic differences in data volume estimates.Both, under- and overestimates are possible, because for character based columns these defaults seem to be based on an assumed 50% fill grade, so a VARCHAR2(100 BYTE) column counts as 50 bytes data volume.For multi-byte character sets the same rule applies based on the maximum width of a column using the "char" semantics, so a VARCHAR2(1000 CHAR) column counts as 2000 byte

Hash Join Buffered


A few years ago Jonathan Lewis published a blog post that described one of the interesting side effects of Oracle's Parallel Execution implementation: Sometimes operations that usually are non-blocking will be turned into blocking ones.