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Auto-DOP

Auto DOP And Direct-Path Inserts

This is just a short note about one of the potential side-effects of the new Auto Degree Of Parallelism (DOP) feature introduced in 11.2.

If you happen to have Parallel DML enabled in your session along with Auto DOP (and here I refer to the PARALLEL_DEGREE_POLICY = AUTO setting, not LIMITED) then it might take you by surprise that INSERT statements that are neither decorated with a parallel hint nor use any parallel enabled objects can be turned into direct-path inserts.

Cost Is Time: Next Generation

It looks like Oracle has introduced with the Oracle 11.2.0.2 patch set a new "cost is time" model for the time estimate of the Cost-Based Optimizer (CBO).

In order to understand the implications let me summarize the evolution of the CBO in terms of cost / time estimate so far:

1. Oracle 7 and 8

The cost estimate generated by the Cost-Based Optimizer (CBO) has always been a time estimate, although expressed in a slightly obscure unit, which is number of single block reads.